Climate change relates to the long-term interests of Chinese nation and all mankind,so taking the low-carbondevelopment way is an urgent demand to actively respond to climate change,an embodying in the direction of People First,Overall Coordination and Sustainable Development,and also the inherent and objective requirement of building an innovativecountry as well. It has already became a China’s basic state policy and incorporated into Twelfth Five-Year Plan for National Economicand Social Development of People’s Republic of China to establish green low-carbon development concept,to stronglydevelop green economy with the connotation of low-carbon emissions and recycling usage,and to radually set up the industry,construction and transportation systems with low-carbon emission and low-carbon social life,and to actively explore thelow-carbon development road with Chinese characteristics,and to effectively control greenhouse gas emissions,as wellas to positively contribute to promoting sustainable development of both China and the world. For the purpose of comprehensively recording the course and actual situation of Chinese low-carbon development,and speeding up the low-carbon development,China Low-Carbon Yearbook was specially published. Great attention and firm support were given from all involved parties such as from the central to locals,eachnational key industry and its association,and the low-carbon pilot and practice units.The consultants and editors wereinvited from the relevant ministries and commissions(bureaus)of National People’s Congress and the State Council,andthe provincial and municipal National Development and Reform Commission,and relevant experts and scholars.All ofthem positively wrote and provided manuscripts,the information and pictures,and gave many guidance suggestions.Allmentioned above encouraged and spur us to make great efforts to edit China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015 well. China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015 basic content focuses on China low-carbon development status and actions in dealingwith climate change,important information/data,experience and major a chievement in 2014.To improve the timeliness ofChina Low-Carbon Yearbook,we collected important policy documents and related contents referring to China’s actions indealing with climate change and low carbon development in 2015. The Deng Xiaoping Theory and Three Representative Important Thought were adhered to and followed,andScientific Development Outlook was applied and implemented during editing of China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015,whichcombined articles,items,statements and pictures in style,Fully implement the spirit of a series of speeches about greengrowth concept and the construction of ecological civilization by Xi Jinping. China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015 has some obvious features as follow:Efforts to strengthen the comprehensiveanalysis of income of the National Development and Reform Commission issued the”China’s National Climate ChangePolicy and Action Annual Report”(2014 and 2015 years),invite the relevant ministries and commissions of the StateCouncil,key industries and areas,provinces,experts authored more than 30 papers and other climate change and low carbondevelopment and thematic development report,which greatly enriched the”Yearbook”content,and enhance the”Yearbook”readability,use value and historical value.The incidents,information,data,materials,pictures and etc.recorded are allfrom the official and open publications with authority and authenticity,which have high historical value,and high storage,usage and reference values;contents covered are more comprehensive,broad and systematic,from the central to locals,so as enterprises,parks,each industry and field,speech and views,major activities and events,regulations,policies,scienceand technology,and typical cases and foreign profiles,involving each aspect of low-carbon development at multi-level andall-dimension.The book with more than 2 million characters is rear before owing to its large scale and rich,accurate andcomplete content;excellent pictures and texts,with strong visibility,vitality and readability. China Low-Carbon Yearbook is supported by grants project of China Clean Development Mechanism Fund. Sincerely thanks to the related ministries and commissions(bureaus)of National People’s Congress and the State Council,every provinces and cities,the national key industries and their associations,low-carbon pilot and practice units,expertsand scholars etc.for their supports in the editing and publishing of China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015. We are of inexperience and of limited level,for the omissions and errors existing in the book,please point out withoutstint.
China Energy Statistical Yearbook is an annual statistical publication, which covers very comprehensive data in energy construction, production, consumption, equilibrium of supply and demand in an all-round way,established in 1986, edited by Department of Industry and Transport Statistics, National Bureau of Statistics. 2008 annual is edited by Department of Energy Statistics, National Bureau of Statistics, published by China Statistics Press, to the domestic and international public publication.
In order to satisfy the masses of readers’ demands for China energy statistics, improve the eff ciency and timeliness of the data use, from each of 2004, China Ener y Statistical Yearbook is published one volume every year instead of one volume every 2 years, the year of front cover also switched over to publishing year.
China Energy Statistical Yearbook consists of seven chapters: 1 .General Survey; 2. Construction of Energy Industry; 3 .Energy Production; 4. Energy Consumption; 5.Energy Balance Table of China; 6. Energy Balance Table by Region; 7. Energy data for the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Region. Additional information provided in the appendices include major energy data for Taiwan province, energy data for related countries or areas and explanatory notes of main statistical indicators and conversion factors from physical units to coal equivalent.
Annual statistical reports from the National Bureau of Statistics and the China Statistical Yearbook are the main data sources of this document. However, the national data in this book does not include that of the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Region, the Taiwan province. Also, the data in the energy balance tables does not cover non-commercial energy. The Tibet energy balance data is unavailable yet.The China energy data were by the year of 2015, energy data for the world and other countries or area were by the year of 2014.
Notations used in the yearbook: blank space indicates that the figure is not large enough to be measured with the smallest unit in the table, or data are unknown or are not available;”#”indicates a major breakdown of the total.
Since 2012, Classification for national standard of industry classification is implementing new version of 2011 except legal entities.
Yearbook title： 中国劳动统计年鉴
Yearbook English title： China Labour Statistical Yearbook
Editorial institution：National Bureau of Statistical and Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
Publisher: China Statistics Press
Collected volumes：2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1991 1990 1989
China Labour Statistical Yearbook 2015 is an annual statistics publication, which is comprehensively reported the labour economic situation for 2014 and some main indicators series for historically years at nation and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities levels and parts of cities.
The book is organized into 14 parts, which are:1.General Survey; 2.Employment and Unemployment; 3.Employment and Tatal Wages in Urban Units; 4.Employment and Tatal Wages in State-owned Units; 5.Employment and Tatal Wages in Urban Collective-owned Units; 6.Employment and Tatal Wages in Other Ownership Units; 7. Vocational Training and Skill Appraisal; 8.Labour Relation; 9.Social Security; 10.Trade Union Works; 11.Main Indicators of Hong Kong; 12.Main Indicators of Macao; 13.Main Indicators of Taiwan. In addition, Main Indicators of Other Countries and Explanatory Notes on Main Statistical Indicators are provided in the end of the book.
Besides National Bureau of Statistical and Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, All-China Federation of Trade Unions also participate in the compiling work of this book.
Data resources of this book mainly come from state and departments reporting system, administration records and sampling surveys. Since the information of labor resources and employment for the whole country are calculated according to relevant data, they are not equal to the add-results of all sub-items.
Yearbook title： 中国科技统计年鉴
Yearbook English title： China Statistical Yearbook on Science and Technology
Editorial institution： National Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Science and Technology
Publisher: China Statistics Press
Collected volumes：2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991
China Statistical Yearbook on Science and Technology-2015 is prepared jointly by the National Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Science and Technology. The Yearbook, which covers data series at the national, provincial and local levels, and autonomous regions, as well as departments directly under the State Council, reports on the development of China’s science and technology activities.
The yearbook contains the following nine parts. The first part reflects general science and technology(S&T) information on whole society; The second part, the third part and the forth part reflect respectively S&T information about Industrial Enterprises, Independent Research Institutions and Institutions of Higher Education. Industrial Enterprises cover Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size, with the sales revenue above 20 million RMB；Independent Research Institutions cover the municipal and above and independent accounting scientific research and technological development institutions which belong to government；Institutions of Higher Education cover Institutions of Higher Education and affiliated hospitals. The fifth part contains information on High Technology Industry. The sixth part contains information on National Program for Science and Technology. The seventh part contains information on results of S&T activities. The eighth part covers Scientific and Technologic Service and S&T activities of China Associations for S&T. The ninth part contains information on the international comparisons.
Notations used in this book:”(blank space)”indicates that the figure is not large enough to be measured with the smallest unit in the table or data are unknown or are not available;“#”indicates a major breakdown of the total; and “*” or “①” indicates footnotes at the end of the table.
Statistical discrepancies due to rounding are not adjusted in the yearbook.
The institutions participating editing this volume include: Ministry of Education, Sate Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Commerce, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, State Intellectual Property Office, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Engineering, China Earthquake Administration, China Meteorological Administration, State Oceanic Administration, National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation, China Association for Science and Technology. We would like to express our gratitude to these institutions of the State Council for their cooperation and support in sparing no effort to provide all the required data.
Yearbook title： 中国人口和就业统计年鉴
Yearbook English title： China Population and Employment Statistics Yearbook
Editorial institution： Department of Population and Employment Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics of China
Publisher: China Statistics Press
Collected volumes：2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988
I．China Population and Employment Statistics Yearbook 2014 is an annualstatistical publication, which contains data on basic condition of populationand employment in 2013 as well as for the previous years for the whole nationand 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under theCentral Government. It also includes the relevant data of some other countriesand territories in the world.
II．The yearbook is compiled by the Department of Population andEmployment Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics of China, andassisted by the Public Order Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security and theDepartment of Planning and Information of the National Health and FamilyPlanning Commission of China.
III．The yearbook contains the following eight chapters: 1.GeneralSurvey; 2.Data from 2013 National Sample Survey on Population Changes; 3.MainData from 2013 Labor Force Survey; 4. Data from Statistics on Employment inUrban Units in 2013; 5.Data from Household Registration in 2013; 6.Data fromFamily Planning Statistics in 2013; 7.Population and Employment Data ofSelected Countries and Territories of the World; 8.Explanatory Notes on MainStatistical Indicators.
IV．The reference time of 2013 National Sample Survey on PopulationChanges and Labor Force was at zero hour on November 1 in 2013. The sample survey adopted multi-stage systematic PPEScluster sampling scheme，taking the whole nation as the population and each province,autonomous region or municipality as sub-population. A total of 1.12 millionpeople were selected from 4791 survey districts in 4387 townships (towns orstreet committees) in 2101 counties (cities or districts) of the 31 provinces,autonomous regions and municipalities. The weighted estimation procedure suggestedthat the birth rate was 12.08 per thousand，the death rate was 7.16 per thousand and the natural growth rate was4.92 per thousand for China in 2013. Based on these rates, it was furtherestimated that Chinahad a total population of 1,360.72 million at the end of 2013, with 16.40million births, 9.72 million deaths and a net increase of 6.68 million peopleduring the year. Except table 2-1 and table 2-2, the rest of tabulations inChapter Two were sample data. The sampling fraction for the nation was 0.822per thousand.
V．The population data of Chapter Two in the yearbook are from 2013National Sample Survey on Population Changes, and those of Chapter Five arefrom the household registration, which use different definitions and datacollection methods. Users should notice that the data under the same or similarheading in these two chapters may be different.
VI．The national data in the yearbook do not include that of Hong KongSpecial Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province.
VII．Notations used in the yearbook:
(blank space)indicates that the figure is not large enough to be measured with the smallestunit in the table, or data are unknown or are not available; “#” indicates amajor breakdown of the total.
VIII．We welcome comments and suggestions from users with regard todeficiencies and mistakes in data editing and compilation.