2016 China Torch Statistical Yearbook is prepared by Torch High Technology IndustryDevelopment Center.The yearbook,which covers related data of provinces,deputy provinciallevel cities and cities listed independently in the state plan,National High Technology IndustrialDevelopment Zones,and Suzhou Industrial Park of the year 2015,reports on the developmentstatus of China Torch Program,China’s Technology Market and Productivity Promotion Centers. The Yearbook contains the following ten parts:1.Development of National HighTechnology Industrial Development Zones(Hi-tech Zones) and its tenants;2.Development ofHigh Technology Enterprises;3.Development of Technology Business Incubators;4.Development of National University Science Parks;5.Development of Torch ProgramSoftware Industrial Bases;6.Development of Torch Program Specialized Industrial Bases;7.Development of Innovative Industrial Clusters;8.Development of Technology Market;9.Development of Productivity Promotion Centers;10.Explanatory Notes of Indicators. Eastern region,central region,western region and northeastern region in the Yearbook aredivided as follows: Eastern 10 provinces(municipalities) include:Beijing,Tianjin,Hebei,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Fujian,Shandong,Guangdong and Hainan;Central 6 provinces include:Shanxi,Anhui,Jiangxi,Henan,Hubei and Hunan;Western 12 provinces(autonomous regions and municipalities)include:Inner Mongolia,Guangxi,Chongqing,Sichuan,Guizhou,Yunnan,Tibet,Shaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia and Xinjiang;Northeastern 3 provinces include:Liaoning,Jilin andHeilongjiang. Symbols used in this Yearbook:”blank space” indicates that the figure is not large enoughto be measured with the smallest unit in the table,or data unknown,or not available;”#”indicates the major items of the total;”/” indicates that data are not available;and “*” or “①”indicates footnotes at the end of the table. Statistical discrepancies due to rounding are not adjusted in the Yearbook.
I．China Population and Employment Statistics Yearbook 2016 is an annual statistical publication, which contains data on basic condition of population and employment in 2015 as well as for the previous years for the whole nation and 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government. It also includes the relevant data of some other countries and territories in the world.
II．The yearbook is compiled by the Department of Population and Employment Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics of China, and assisted by the Public Order Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security and the Department of Planning and Information of the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China.
III．The yearbook contains the following eight chapters: 1.General Survey; 2. Data from 1% Population Sample Survey in 2015; 3. Main Data from Labor Force Survey in 2015; 4. Data from Statistics on Employment in Urban Units in 2015; 5.Data from Household Registration in 2015; 6.Data from Family Planning Statistics in 2015; 7.Population and Employment Data of Selected Countries and Territories of the World; 8.Explanatory Notes on Main Statistical Indicators.
IV．The reference time of 1% Population Sample Survey was at zero hour on November 1 in 2015. The sample survey adopted two-stage systematic PPES cluster sampling scheme，taking the whole nation as the population and each prefecture-level city (prefecture or autonomous prefecture) as sub-population. A total of 21.31 million people were selected from 89147 survey districts in 85365 neighborhood committees (or village committees) in 33671 townships (towns or street committees) in 2977 counties (cities or districts) of the 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. The weighted estimation procedure suggested that the birth rate was 12.07 per thousand，the death rate was 7.11 per thousand and the natural growth rate was 4.96 per thousand for China in 2015. Based on these rates, it was further estimated that China had a total population of 1374.62 million at the end of 2015, with 16.55 million births, 9.75 million deaths and a net increase of 6.80 million people during the year. Except table 2-1 and table 2-2, the rest of tabulations in Chapter Two were sample data. The sampling fraction for the nation was 1.55 percent.
V．The population data of Chapter Two in the yearbook are from 1% Population Sample Survey in 2015, and those of Chapter Five are from the household registration, which use different definitions and data collection methods. Users should notice that the data under the same or similar heading in these two chapters may be different.
VI．The national data in the yearbook do not include that of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province.
VII．Notations used in the yearbook:
(blank space) indicates that the figure is not large enough to be measured with the smallest unit in the table, or data are unknown or are not available; “#” indicates a major breakdown of the total.
VIII．We welcome comments and suggestions from users with regard to deficiencies and mistakes in data editing and compilation.
China Labour Statistical Yearbook 2016 is an annual statistics publication, which is comprehensively reported the labour economic situation for 2015 and some main indicators series for historically years at nation and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities levels and parts of cities.
The book is organized into 14 parts, which are:1.General Survey; 2.Employment and Unemployment; 3.Employment and Tatal Wages in Urban Units; 4.Employment and Tatal Wages in State-owned Units; 5.Employment and Tatal Wages in Urban Collective-owned Units; 6.Employment and Tatal Wages in Other Ownership Units; 7. Vocational Training and Skill Appraisal; 8.Labour Relation; 9.Social Security; 10.Trade Union Works; 11.Main Indicators of Hong Kong; 12.Main Indicators of Macao; 13.Main Indicators of Taiwan. In addition, Main Indicators of Other Countries and Explanatory Notes on Main Statistical Indicators are provided in the end of the book.
Besides National Bureau of Statistical and Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, All-China Federation of Trade Unions also participate in the compiling work of this book.
Data resources of this book mainly come from state and departments reporting system, administration records and sampling surveys. Since the information of labor resources and employment for the whole country are calculated according to relevant data, they are not equal to the add-results of all sub-items.
China Labour Statistical Yearbook—2016 Editorial Staff
I .The China Land and Resources Statistical Yearbook 2015 is an informative yearbook reflecting comprehensively the status of land and resources of the People’s Republic of China and their administration. The China Land and Resources Statistical Yearbook 2015 collects a wealth of statistical data of land and resources and their administration of the whole country and all the provinces(autonomous regions，and municipalities directly under the central government)in 2014， as well as the main statistical data of land and resources over three years since 2012.
II. Statistics in the yearbook cover the national land，mineral，and marine resources，land and resources survey and exploration，administration of land and mineral resources by competent administrative departments of land and resources at the state，provincial(autonomous region，and municipality directly under the central government)，municipal(prefectural)，and county levels， and administration of marine resources by the state，scientific and technological research on land and resources，and land surveying and mapping.
III .The yearbook contains seven chapters:general status of land and resources，land resources survey and mineral resources exploration，land and resources development and utilization，land and resources administration，scientific and technological research on land and resources，surveying and mapping，and other data. In addition，explanatory notes on main statistical indicators follow each chapter，which give brief descriptions of the connotations，statistical scope，statistical approaches，and calculation methods of the main land and resources statistical indicators
IV .The principal sources of the yearbook are annual comprehensive statistical reports on land and resources submitted by the competent land and resources administrative departments of the Ministry of Land and Resources and various provinces(autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central
government)throughout China，State Oceanic Administration，National Administration of Surveying，Mapping and Geoinformation，China Geological Survey，other institutions affiliated to MLR and various departments in charge of geological exploration. Individual data are extracted from China Stcatistical Yearbook.
V.The national statistical data involved in the yearbook do not include those of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region，Macaw Special Administrative Region，and Taiwan Province.
VI.Some aggregations or rates/ratios may not add up to the sum of the series because of rounding.
VII.The notes concerning the whole table are placed at the upper part of the table，while the notes concerning individual indicators are placed at the lower part. If the table is a continued one，the footnotes are placed in the last page.
VIII.Notations used in the yearbook:blank indicates that the data of the statistical indicator of the item are either non一applicable or unavailable;“①”means see footnotes below.
Climate change relates to the long-term interests of Chinese nation and all mankind,so taking the low-carbondevelopment way is an urgent demand to actively respond to climate change,an embodying in the direction of People First,Overall Coordination and Sustainable Development,and also the inherent and objective requirement of building an innovativecountry as well. It has already became a China’s basic state policy and incorporated into Twelfth Five-Year Plan for National Economicand Social Development of People’s Republic of China to establish green low-carbon development concept,to stronglydevelop green economy with the connotation of low-carbon emissions and recycling usage,and to radually set up the industry,construction and transportation systems with low-carbon emission and low-carbon social life,and to actively explore thelow-carbon development road with Chinese characteristics,and to effectively control greenhouse gas emissions,as wellas to positively contribute to promoting sustainable development of both China and the world. For the purpose of comprehensively recording the course and actual situation of Chinese low-carbon development,and speeding up the low-carbon development,China Low-Carbon Yearbook was specially published. Great attention and firm support were given from all involved parties such as from the central to locals,eachnational key industry and its association,and the low-carbon pilot and practice units.The consultants and editors wereinvited from the relevant ministries and commissions(bureaus)of National People’s Congress and the State Council,andthe provincial and municipal National Development and Reform Commission,and relevant experts and scholars.All ofthem positively wrote and provided manuscripts,the information and pictures,and gave many guidance suggestions.Allmentioned above encouraged and spur us to make great efforts to edit China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015 well. China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015 basic content focuses on China low-carbon development status and actions in dealingwith climate change,important information/data,experience and major a chievement in 2014.To improve the timeliness ofChina Low-Carbon Yearbook,we collected important policy documents and related contents referring to China’s actions indealing with climate change and low carbon development in 2015. The Deng Xiaoping Theory and Three Representative Important Thought were adhered to and followed,andScientific Development Outlook was applied and implemented during editing of China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015,whichcombined articles,items,statements and pictures in style,Fully implement the spirit of a series of speeches about greengrowth concept and the construction of ecological civilization by Xi Jinping. China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015 has some obvious features as follow:Efforts to strengthen the comprehensiveanalysis of income of the National Development and Reform Commission issued the”China’s National Climate ChangePolicy and Action Annual Report”(2014 and 2015 years),invite the relevant ministries and commissions of the StateCouncil,key industries and areas,provinces,experts authored more than 30 papers and other climate change and low carbondevelopment and thematic development report,which greatly enriched the”Yearbook”content,and enhance the”Yearbook”readability,use value and historical value.The incidents,information,data,materials,pictures and etc.recorded are allfrom the official and open publications with authority and authenticity,which have high historical value,and high storage,usage and reference values;contents covered are more comprehensive,broad and systematic,from the central to locals,so as enterprises,parks,each industry and field,speech and views,major activities and events,regulations,policies,scienceand technology,and typical cases and foreign profiles,involving each aspect of low-carbon development at multi-level andall-dimension.The book with more than 2 million characters is rear before owing to its large scale and rich,accurate andcomplete content;excellent pictures and texts,with strong visibility,vitality and readability. China Low-Carbon Yearbook is supported by grants project of China Clean Development Mechanism Fund. Sincerely thanks to the related ministries and commissions(bureaus)of National People’s Congress and the State Council,every provinces and cities,the national key industries and their associations,low-carbon pilot and practice units,expertsand scholars etc.for their supports in the editing and publishing of China Low-Carbon Yearbook 2015. We are of inexperience and of limited level,for the omissions and errors existing in the book,please point out withoutstint.